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3D Location

Developed by W.K. Adams

Students explore the idea of how it feels to use sound to locate objects and experiment with having to search for objects above and below them, not just side to side.

It is necessary to have another activity for other students to do while one group of students does this activity. You can do this activity in conjunction with Sound Rather than Sight for this purpose.

Science Topics
Vision Impairment

Process Skills
Scientific Inquiry

Grade Level


15-20 minutes

10 minutes for each group

10-15 minutes

Learning Goals
Students will be able to…

Explain the difference between locating food that is on the ground versus all around such as up in the air or if we were swimming; above, below and side-to-side.

Materials Not in Kit
About 15 buttons (different shapes, sizes and colors) or other small objects
Laser pointers*

Optional Materials
Additional supervision**

*Check the packaging to make sure the laser pointer is safe for kids. Laser pointers work better than a flashlight, but a flashlight can be substituted if necessary. The narrower the beam of light, the better.

**An additional adult may be useful in the students must go to another room to do the activity.

1. Gather materials
2. Attach string to the buttons. Make the strings a range of lengths.
3. Clear out the space so that there are no obstructions on the floor.
4. Hang the buttons from the ceiling at different places.
5. Turn of the lights and close curtains to darken the room as much as possible.
6. Place a piece of tape or rope across the doorway so students can’t enter the room.

Introduce the Activity
Explain that students will be using a laser point to find objects around a dark room.

Doing the Activity

1. Explain that animals use echolocation in the water and in the air. Ask the class to come up with animals that use echolocation

Ex. bats and dolphins

2. Explain that in our world, we are typically only concerned with 2 dimensions, but echolocators have to look up, down, left and right, so they are dealing with 3 dimensions.

3. One group of 3-5 students will enter the dark room for 10 minutes.

4. Using the laser pointer, students should identify as many buttons as possible. They should describe the size, shape, and color and location.

NOTE: Students should look for the buttons directly, not the string attaching them to the ceiling! Bats and dolphins don’t have strings to use when searching for food.

5. After all the students have done the activity, discuss the following topics:

a. Animals that use echolocation are able to send out very narrowly focused sound so that they can easily pinpoint the location of objects and fish. Why do you think you used a laser pointer instead of a flashlight?

b. Verbally list the size and location (in all 3 dimensions) of every button identified with the laser pointer.

Key Lesson Terminology
Echolocation – a method used to detect objects by producing a specific sound and listening for its echo.

SONAR – Sound Navigation And Ranging, is the process of listening to specific sounds to determine where objects are located.

Optional Extensions
Students can try using a flashlight instead of laser pointers to compare how the task changes.

Include other small objects that the student groups must find and collect.

Conduct the Speed of Sound activity

Complete the rest of the Echolocation Unit

When doing this activity with younger students, teachers can control the laser pointer while students search for buttons.