Observing – a statement made using the senses (Taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell). There are two kinds of observations:
Quantitative – Using numbers to observe
Qualitative – Using descriptive words to observe
Inferring – drawing a tentative conclusion based on prior knowledge. An inference is an interpretation of observations.’
Measuring – quantitative (with numbers) observations
Communicating – giving explanations of observations.
Graphically (line graph, bar graph, histogram)
Classifying – arranging objects or information by using their attributes
Binary – sorting into two groups
Multistage – set of binary sorts resulting in one unique attribute for each object
Serial – sorting objects in a logical order (size, alphabetical, etc)
Predicting – making statements about future outcomes based on prior knowledge or experience. This is a forecast for what might happen.
Comparing – Noticing the similarities or differences between the objects to be compared.
Hypothesizing – a suggested explanation based on background knowledge.
Making models – creating a visual representation of an event or object
Data tables – quantitative data in chart form
Graphing – a representation of data