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Process Skills

All of the lessons include process skills. These are skills that students will practice while learning about acoustics. Here, you can read the definitions for each of the process skill terms.

Download the Process Skill definitions: Word Document or PDF



Observing – a statement made using the senses (Taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell). There are two kinds of observations:

Quantitative – Using numbers to observe
Qualitative – Using descriptive words to observe

Inferring – drawing a tentative conclusion based on prior knowledge. An inference is an interpretation of observations.’

Measuring – quantitative (with numbers) observations

Communicating – giving explanations of observations.

Graphically (line graph, bar graph, histogram)

Classifying – arranging objects or information by using their attributes

Binary – sorting into two groups
Multistage – set of binary sorts resulting in one unique attribute for each object
Serial – sorting objects in a logical order (size, alphabetical, etc)

Predicting – making statements about future outcomes based on prior knowledge or experience. This is a forecast for what might happen.

Comparing – Noticing the similarities or differences between the objects to be compared.


Hypothesizing – a suggested explanation based on background knowledge.

Making models – creating a visual representation of an event or object

Data collection

Data tables – quantitative data in chart form
Graphing – a representation of data


Controlling variables